Partnership. Types of partnerships in the USA

Partnership is the simplest structure for two or more people, to create and manage business together. Partnership is not only a company, but often a kind of association of enterprises, although some partnerships must be officially registered. Partners sing a partnership agreement.

A partner can be not only a physical person, but another company as well.




Types of partnerships:

GP is used in the joint activity of two or more persons who will make maximum efforts to achieve the goal, because the partners bear full responsibility for the enterprise with all their property.

Profits are remitted to personal tax returns, and the general partner must also pay self-employment taxes. The LP must be incorporated, that is, officially registered.

LPs are often used to run a family business, where the members of the partnership will have a share, but will not have an influence on the management of the company (only receive profits from their share) and one partner will be general – fully responsible, but also have the right to make decisions himself. Also, this form is suitable for real estate projects and other business tasks.

As a rule, LLPs are used for joint professional activities by associations of lawyers, doctors, accountants and other professions whose activities are subject to licensing. And the separation of responsibilities allows you not to worry about your personal share in the partnership.

When an LLLP is formed, there will be at least one general partner and at least one or more limited partners. General partners take on management roles, while limited partners will have the role of investors in the company.

LLLPs are not permitted in all states. In states where it is legal to form an LLLP, there are generally two ways to form one. The law expressly authorizes the formation of an LLLP, or a limited partner applies for limited liability protection under a state that recognizes an LLLP. This type of partnership can be registered in 20 states, including Wyoming, Delaware, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and others.

LLLPs are not a common type of business and are generally only found in real estate.

Advantages Disadvantages
+ Easy to set up Unlimited liability (except for LP and LLP)
+ One level of taxation Object of self-employment tax (15.3%)
+ Partners can deduct expenses from income for tax purposes To enter another partner, it must be approved by all partners
+ It is possible to make special allocations – this is the distribution of income that is not relevant to shares. Each partner is jointly and severally liable, i.e. is fully responsible for all debts and obligations (for

excluding LP and LLP)

+ Any type of company can be a partner
+ No tax on dividends
+ As a rule, it is not necessary to officially register (in some states it is necessary)
+ Partners have a direct influence on partnership management, unlike shareholders in corporations


* special allocation butt, 2 sponsors invested equally at 50%, but they can also increase special allocation and distribute the income from another partner, hit 100/0.

Joint venture is two or more businesses, as a rule, but not exclusively, in the form of partnerships, as if to unite their efforts for the creation of a business project or the start of a new one directly in the business. Often a joint venture can be considered as one of the types of partnerships.

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