Registration UK company (ltd.). Features of jurisdiction and this type of company

The British jurisdiction is widely known for its stability, reliability and a long history that goes back several centuries. Companies registered in the UK usually have a high reputation and status in international business.

There are several types of legal structures in the UK that can be registered depending on the objectives of the business and the needs of investors. One of the most popular types of legal structures is the UK ltd company.

What is UK Ltd.?

Registering a ltd (limited company) in the UK is the process of setting up a limited liability company. This type of company is the most popular among businessmen from all over the world, and this is not surprising, given the benefits it provides to its owners.

A limited liability company (ltd) is a legal entity separate from its owners. This means that if a company takes any action, its owners are not personally liable for those actions. Instead, liability is limited to the amount they have invested in the company. This makes ltd the most attractive for investors and entrepreneurs who want to protect their personal assets.

Features UK Ltd.

One of the main features of the UK ltd company is its limited liability. This means that the owners of the company are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the company. They can only lose the amount they have invested in the company, but no more.

In addition, UK ltd company has a flexible structure and can be created with any number of shareholders. The holders may have ordinary or preferred class shares, as well as various voting rights at shareholder meetings.

UK ltd company also has the ability to issue bonds and other securities, which allows it to raise capital for business development. In addition, it may have several directors who manage it and make strategic decisions.

Reporting UK Ltd. companies

Under UK law, a UK ltd company is required to file annual financial statements and tax returns with Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC). In addition, the company must also file accounts with Companies House, the body that registers companies in the UK.

Annual financial statements must contain a profit and loss statement (Profit and Loss statement), a balance sheet (Balance Sheet) and a cash flow statement (Cash Flow Statement). All of these reports must be prepared in accordance with the standards set by the International Accounting Standards Board (IFRS).

The Profit and Loss Statement is a report on the financial results of the company’s activities for the reporting period. It contains information about the income, expenses, profit and loss of the company. The balance sheet shows the financial position of the company at the end of the reporting period. It includes the assets, liabilities and capital of the company. The cash flow statement displays the cash flow in the company for the reporting period.

In addition to the annual financial statements, a UK ltd company must also submit a tax return. The tax return contains information about the income, expenses and taxes paid by the company for the reporting period. It must also be drawn up in accordance with the standards set by HMRC.

Also, a UK ltd company must submit annual tax returns that describe its income and expenses for the reporting period. The return must be filed with HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) within nine months of the end of the company’s financial year.

The company must also file accounts with Companies House, which includes its financial statements, directors’ and shareholders’ statements, amendments to the articles of association, and other documents. Financial statements should include a profit and loss statement, a balance sheet, and a cash flow statement. They must be signed by the director of the company and submitted within nine months of the end of the financial year.

The UK ltd company’s reporting is a very important aspect of its business, as it not only provides information about its financial condition and performance, but is also required to comply with legal requirements. Reporting also helps a company monitor its financial performance, identify problems and take corrective action.

Taxes for companies in the UK in 2023

The UK corporate tax system is one of the most complex and volatile in the world. In 2023, a number of changes are expected in the tax policy for corporations, including for UK ltd companies.

From the beginning of April 2023, it is planned to increase corporate tax from 19% to 25%, this rate is, for the most part, progressive.

For companies whose annual profits do not exceed £50,000, the tax rate will remain at the same level of 19%, but for companies whose annual profits exceed £250,000, a tax rate of 25% will be imposed. If the company’s profit exceeds the threshold of 50 thousand, but does not exceed 250 thousand pounds, then the tax rate on income over 50 thousand will be 26.5%.

In addition, in 2023 it is planned to introduce new rules for taxing digital companies such as Google, Amazon and Facebook. Under the new rules, digital companies will be required to pay income tax in the countries where they receive income, and not just in the country of their registration.

Advantages and disadvantages of Ltd. In Great Britain

Advantages of UK ltd company:

  1. Limited liability: The main advantage of a UK ltd company is the limited liability of its shareholders. This means that the shareholders are not personally liable for the debts of the company, unless they are guarantors or pledgers.
  2. Flexibility in governance: A UK ltd company can be formed with any number of directors and shareholders, giving its founders the flexibility to manage the company.
  3. Ease of Selling Shares: It is easy for UK ltd shareholders to buy and sell shares, making it more attractive to investors.
  4. Low tax rates: Tax rates for UK ltd companies are among the lowest in Europe, which makes them more attractive for business.
  5. Confidentiality: UK ltd companies are not required to release their financial statements to the public, allowing their owners to remain private.

Disadvantages of UK ltd company:

  1. Limited access to financial markets: UK ltd companies have limited access to large financial markets such as the New York Stock Exchange, which can make it difficult to attract large investments and increase capitalization.
  2. Bureaucratic Procedures: There are a number of bureaucratic procedures that must be followed in setting up and running a UK ltd company, including annual reporting and the holding of annual shareholders’ meetings.
  3. Limited liability may be limited: in some cases, if the company was created in violation of the law, for example, if it defaulted on its tax obligations or violated the rights of employees, then the court may decide to liquidate the company and transfer liability to its directors and shareholders .
  4. Limited choice of tax schemes: UK ltd companies have a limited choice of tax schemes, which may limit the ability to reduce tax payments.
  5. Limited Transfer of Assets: When a UK ltd company is liquidated, its assets cannot simply be transferred to another company. They must be sold and distributed to shareholders, which can make the liquidation process more difficult.


So, registering a company in the UK is a process that can have a number of advantages and disadvantages that need to be considered when making a decision.

On the one hand, the UK is the most attractive place to register a company due to its developed economy, loyalty to entrepreneurs and simple registration procedure.

On the other hand, it is necessary to take into account some of the complexities associated with taxation and reporting, as well as with the management of a company from abroad.

Thus, registering a company in the UK can be an excellent choice for entrepreneurs who want to expand their business abroad and take advantage of the UK economy. However, before making a decision, it is necessary to carefully study all the possible consequences and risks associated with registering a company in this country.

For a detailed consultation and further calculation of the cost, terms and necessary documents, please contact White and Partners specialists by clicking on this link.

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